A fracture is partial or complete bone breakage. The spine bones may break into specific small fragments due to different causes such as degeneration, kyphosis, osteoporosis, shallow thrust, accident, or free-fall. The broken pieces or fractures may cause spine problems or nerve pinches.
The fractures are usually distinguished with sharp shooting pain and back inflammation. However, some other symptoms include:
The fractures can be classified into different types according to the severity of the fracture, the shape of breakage, causative agent, and few other reasons. Some well-known types of fractures are :
Fractures have different names. Here is a list of fracture types :
The orthopedic doctor or spine surgeon in Mumbai analyzes the inflamed, painful, or fractured part and recommends screening tests such as bone X-rays. If the fracture is not observed with an x-ray, but the pain aggravates, then the doctor asks for an MRI scan.
Following diagnosis, the doctor prepares a treatment plan or schedules a surgery.
Mild fractures can be treated with immobilization in braces or corsets for about 12-14 weeks. Then with physiotherapist guidance, the mobility and functionality of bones are restored. Meanwhile, the doctor provides analgesic as well as fast bone healing medicines for faster recovery.
However, some fractures are severe that cannot be reprimanded with braces. They then need internal healing and fusion to restore the structure and functionality. Then, the orthopedic or spine surgeon in Malad, Mumbai, recommends the candidate a surgery. The following surgeries are done to mend fractures.
It is a surgical procedure for mending compression fractures. In this, the surgeon makes a small incision on the skin to make its way to fracture, then inserts camera mounted and x-guided catheter. Next, the catheter leads to fractured bone and slips bone cement in it that solidifies in minutes. Then, the surgeon carefully examines all fractures and pushes bone cement in them. Once the process is done and the cement solidifies, the catheter is withdrawn, and the incision is closed with sutures.
It is a version of vertebroplasty. In this, along with the camera and X-ray-guided catheter, an inflatable bone-tamp is also inserted through a tiny incision. The inflated bone tamps the vertebral body backward, making a cavity in the collapsed fractured part to push the bone cement. Once the cavity is mended, and the bone cement has solidified, the equipment is withdrawn, and the incision is closed with sutures.
Bone cementing is a bone-strengthening procedure that might not help with deformity caused due to fracture.
If the spine bone has broken into clear pieces, such that the above two procedures might not help long-term restoration, the surgeon recommends fusion surgery as the best approach for spine fracture treatment in Mumbai. In spine fusion, the broken segment is trimmed or cut out, and the vertebrae are joined with metal plates, screws, and drills to unify them in one structure and make them stable.
Fractures must be attended to as emergencies to prevent further bone damage, bone loss, increased pain, inflammation, or other consequences. Dr. Saijyot Raut, a renowned spine surgeon in Malad, Mumbai, diagnoses individual fracture cases in detail to recommend the most adept orthopedic or spine fracture treatment in Mumbai. Dr. Raut devises skillful surgeries with advanced and highly mechanized instruments to leave no room for ambiguous surgery results. Hence, for your bone fracture or a second opinion, consult Dr. Raut.